The Chief Executive Officer, First Bank of Nigeria Limited, Dr. Adesola Adeduntan participated as a keynote speaker in the Annual FinTech & InsureTech Summit held at Sofia Event Center, Bulgaria on 27 February 2020. The FirstBank Chief delivered a keynote speech on the topic “Banks and Clients, the New Story of Empowerment, Value Creation and Technologies”
The summit served as a platform for in-depth knowledge sharing, networking, partnerships and collaborations amongst participants with a view to showcase products across various industries thereby promoting foreign investment amongst countries.
The summit had over 700 global leading finance practitioners, decision-makers from the financial sector notably; banks, payment providers, insurance and pension companies, IT experts, founders of FinTech companies, government and regulatory associations from all over the world.
Deliberations in the course of the conference centred on various topical issues that would deepen financial inclusion and innovation capabilities, improve speed to market with digital innovation product and services and sustainable financial system where finance delivers positive ecosystem.
In delivering the keynote address, Dr. Adeduntan highlighted that; “FirstBank is at the forefront of banking industry innovation, making sure that it leverages innovation to deliver shareholder value and improve customer experience with the latest FinTech innovations and new trends in the Financial Services space.
“In other to deepen innovation capabilities and improve speed to market with digital innovation product and services, FirstBank established its digital innovation lab to adopt agile development approach in its operations. The Bank has also developed a robust telco-agnostic mobile money wallet to potentially defend its business from the incursion of BigTechs and FinTechs into the core banking space. I believe that there is a significant opportunity for value adding strategic cooperation and collaboration between Nigerian and the Bulgarian Banking and FinTech communities.”
The Chairman, United Bank for Africa (UBA) Plc and Founder of the Tony Elumelu Foundation, has been named on the Ebony Magazine’s just released Ebony Power 100 along with other power houses like the Mayor of Chicago, Mayor Lori Lightfoot; Co-Founder, FUBU, J Alexander Martin; Vice President, Global Partnerships, Google, Incorporated, Bonita Coleman Stewart, amongst many prominent African American and Africans.
The 2020 Ebony Power 100 List recognises the most influential and inspiring individuals who are making a difference in the African-American community in the following categories: Community Crusaders; Doing It For The Culture; Excellence In Media; MVPs; Power Couples; Shining Stars; Social Justice; Titans of Industry; Trailblazers and Women Up.
Elumelu was mentioned in the trailblazing category for the Ebony Power list, for his efforts aimed at encouraging entrepreneurship, instituting luck and reducing poverty on the African continent.
Ebony Chairman and CEO, Willard Jackson, said the company is recognising, showcasing and celebrating the stories and achievements of Black people in all areas of American society and culture.
He said, “We are thrilled to be able to recognise those who are making a difference for our people around the world,” said Willard Jackson, EBONY Chairman and CEO. “Every name on the list is a leader and has had a positive impact on the African-American community. They shape perceptions, influence culture and galvanize communities. They are game-changers at a time when we need people to get in the game.”
Ebony magazine, founded in 1945 by John H. Johnson, is a monthly American publication that focuses on news, culture, and entertainment. Its target audience is the African-American community, and its coverage includes the lifestyles and accomplishments of influential black people, fashion, beauty, and politics.
The magazine is renowned globally for the focus it gives to African-American issues, personalities and interests in a positive and self-affirming manner.
It is no gainsaying that Lagos State is the economic capital of Nigeria and the entire West African region. The opportunities afforded many who reside in the city centre are enormous. With a GDP of $136bn as at 2017 which is higher than 42 other African countries; Lagos is conservatively estimated to consume at least N3 billion worth of fresh agricultural produce daily.
Figures from the state government show 8,000 heads of cattle are slaughtered daily in Lagos abattoirs as at 2018 with 15.96 million of 50kg bags of rice consumed annually. Vegetables, fruits, and other less expensive agro consumables gulps more on a daily basis, however, farmers who are the primary source of this produce are schemed out of the gains in the business. By transporting produce from rural areas in the exterior part of Lagos and neighbouring states, middlemen make all the gains, leaving farmers who toil day and night poorer.
To bridge this gap, deepen opportunities and promote prosperity for Lagos Farmers based on their competitive advantage, the Lagos State Government led by Governor Babajide Sanwo-Olu has launched a new platform to connect farmers and those involved in the agribusiness with the urban Lagos Market.
The government through the Lagos State Ministry of Agriculture launched its maiden Market Linkage Initiative tagged Eko City Farmers Market (ECFM) which connects local farmers to local buyers in an urban and modern setting.
The maiden edition which held at the Tafawa Balewa Square on Sunday 23rd February, 2020, afforded Lagosians the opportunity to buy fresh farm produce at farm gate prices, in a serene, clean and beautifully arranged environment. Fishermen from the coastal communities scattered across the state brought their catch. Different types of fresh and live fishes were displayed for sale. Cow meat sellers also slaughtered some heads of cattle. In fact, analytics showed they made the highest sales.
Of note are the Cassava Farmers who sold unprocessed Cassava as well as produce of processed Cassava in their numbers.
Lagos, a dominant South Western State, is a melting point for several tribes & cultures and this is reflected in the diverse set of farmers (142 in all) who participated; the customers (771 in all) who made a purchase and the kind of produce and products that were traded.
The Sanwoolu Eko City Farmers’ Market was also an opportunity for the Lagos State Government to show that its partnership with the Kebbi State Government is paying off. Bags of Lake Rice were put on display with each customer only able to buy five bags for fairness and equity. A bag of 25kg sells for N8,500 and whilst a 50kg bag sells for N17,000, an amount far lower than other brands of rice in the same category which goes for as high as N23,000 to N25,000 for a 50kg bag in the market.
Also, fresh perishable fruits and vegetables like Water Melon, Banana, Spinach, Greens leaves, Carrots, Oranges, Onions, Green Pepper, Hot Chili, Tomatoes all of the highest quality were put on display and sold at friendly prices to customers.
Speaking at the event, the Governor of Lagos State, Mr. Babajide Sanwo-Olu, who was represented by his deputy, Dr. Femi Hamzat, reiterated that the Eko City Farmers’ Market will hold every last Sunday of the month.
He also noted that the initiative was conceived to offer greater market access to farmers and agribusiness men and women, insisting that the initiative will encourage more farmers and other new entrants into the sector thus creating more jobs and opportunity for Lagosians.
“In the next few weeks, we would open our Online Market place, thus connecting farmers and buyers in real-time. Buyers will be able to find any farmer of their choosing and buy directly from them. Our administration will continue to leverage contemporary solutions to provide the best of its kind market linkage services,” the governor declared.
Speaking earlier, Commissioner for Agriculture, Prince Gbolahan Lawal, stated that the idea of the Eko City Farmers’ Market has its genesis from the outcome of the Stakeholders’ Summit the Ministry held on the 11th September 2019 wherein the issue of agricultural produce market and facilitating market linkage for farmers featured prominently in the discussion and subsequently the communiqué that emanated from the Summit.
“Studies have shown that farmers in the State lack direct access to the markets of their produce such that most of the time, they sell their produce to middlemen at rather incredible prices. The farmers that are able to penetrate the market find it even more difficult to break even as they are forced to sell at the association dictated prices,” the commissioner stated.
Prince Lawal further noted that aside fromaccess linkage to market in the short term, the Eko City Farmers’ Market convergence is designed to become a platform that enables farmers access to modern farming technology. Monthly, innovative solutions will be demonstrated in partnership with manufacturers of production and processing equipment.
He said in the long run, the Sanwo-Olu administration plans todevelop the Eko City Farmers’ Market into an international Food Market and innovation exchange platform.
Of note during the maiden edition is thedeployment of digital/online technology to drive the process. Over 95% of the farmers and vendors who participated registered online; Electronic POS Systems and Mobile ATMs were deployed thus bringing transparency and efficiency to the overall process while deepening financial inclusion for Farmers.
Additionally, analytics solutions were deployedat the event, to effectively monitor all activities and track all sales to the last kobo. Insights generated at the maiden event indicated that close to 1,000transactions were recorded worth millions of Naira in value. Payment channels utilised to complete these transactions were diverse from: Cash, POS, Bank Transfers, USSD amongst others.
A total of 771 customers were captured with over 333 vehicles driving in and out of the event venue from as early as 7:20am to 5:51pm.
In total, farmers brought in produce worth over N7.9m with a majority of them (over 98%) selling out their allotted stock by the end of the event.
Overall, full transparency and accountability for further improvements were encouraged through the use of the first of its kind analytics solution adopted at the maiden ECFM event.
The use of Digital Communications to drivesales and patronage must also be commended. Social media platforms were effectively used to drive awareness and improve sales prospects, to reach over 1 million people, on the event day.
For Alhaja Ashake Akinwande, a catfish farmer who participated in the maiden edition of the farmer’s market, she wasfull of praises for the Sanwo-Olu Administration. She said as a fish farmer, she would normally sell at a loss to middlemen who would barely help her break even.
“I thank Governor Babajide Sanwo-Olu for this initiative. Because of it, people like me will smile home today. The access I have to buyers via this platform means I can sell my produce directly at a reasonable price,” Alhaja Ashake stated.
Dr. Kingsley Isitua Obiora has formally assumed office as Deputy Governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN), replacing Dr. Okwu Joseph Nnanna, who exited from the Bank on February 2, 2020.
Welcoming Obiora on board, on Monday, the Governor, Mr. Godwin Emefiele, congratulated him on his appointment, noting that he was assuming duty at a time when his experience was needed to ensure stability in the Nigerian economy.
Assigning the new Deputy Governor to the Economic Policy Directorate, Emefiele charged him to go beyond upholding the interest of the CBN to upholding the interest of Nigeria and Nigerians, majority of who he said desired positive impact in their daily lives.
The Governor, who alluded to the youthfulness of Obiora and some new Directors in the Bank, said deliberate effort was being made by the Management of the Bank to assign more responsibility to the youth, who he noted possessed energy that must be put to positive use for the good of Nigerians.
While urging all present to work together to enable the Bank to achieve its objectives, Emefiele charged them to strive to etch their names in the annals of the Bank as having contributed their quota to the overall development of the country.
According to the Governor, who was flanked by Mrs. Aishah Ahmad and Mr. Folashodun Shonubi, the Deputy Governors in charge of Financial System Stability (FSS) and Operations, respectively, members of staff of the Bank were part of the monetary policy team that had to play the role of upholding the integrity of the Bank and policies that translate to making lives better for most Nigerians whom they represent in the Bank.
In his remarks after subscribing to the relevant oath administered by the CBN Board Secretary and Director, Corporate Secretariat Department, Mrs. Alice Karau, the new Deputy Governor expressed joy to be back at the CBN, promising to add value to the processes even as he solicited the cooperation of all in achieving his tasks.
Obiora was nominated Deputy Governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria on Thursday, January 16, 2020 by President Muhammadu Buhari and his appointment was confirmed by the Senate on Thursday, January 30, 2020 paving his replacement of the Dr. Joseph Okwu Nnanna who retired from the services of CBN on February 2, 2020.
National Leader of the All Progressives Congress (APC), Senator Bola Tinubu, on Monday, described Pastor Enoch Adeboye, General Overseer, Redeemed Christian Church of God, as “a beacon of hope for those in search of salvation”.
Tinubu made the remarks in his congratulatory message to Adeboye contained in a statement by the APC leader signed by his Media Adviser, Mr Tunde Rahman, in Lagos.
“I sincerely extend my best wishes and congratulations to Pastor E. A. Adeboye on the occasion of his 78th birthday celebrations.
“Truly, Pastor Adeboye is a strong and committed leader of nations. Through his formidable and devoted ministry, he has built a flock that now numbers many millions.
“With the support of his loyal and dedicated wife, Pastor Adeboye has built a church that is renowned across the world.
“He has led a life of grace and service. He is a beacon of hope for those in search of salvation and a guiding light for those who, like him, are called to serve,” he said.
Tinubu said that Adeboye’s dedication to his faith and the salvation of his followers deserved recognition and commendation, even from among those who do not profess identical beliefs.
“My thoughts are with Pastor Adeboye, his family and all people of faith across our great nation, Nigeria at this important moment.
“May God continue to show Pastor Adeboye His divine mercy.
“May He bless him and give him many more years in good health and high spirits that he may continue to touch the lives of those who would follow God’s path,” APC leader said.
Starting this March, GOtv customers will enjoy an extension of the “Step Up” offer that will see more customers enjoy an array of content available on the GOtv MAX package.
The offer tagged ‘Step Up” to the MAX Deal’ will see customers who pay for or reconnect on GOtv JOLLI enjoy the viewing experience offered on GOtv Max package. The offer which commenced on 2 March will end 30 April, 2020 and is open to active and disconnected customers on GOtv JINJA, Plus, Value and Lite packages.
In addition, customers who pay for or reconnect to a higher package will get an upgrade to the next higher package at no additional cost.
This offer comes on the heels of the recently concluded Step Up which only saw GOtv customers simply pay for their current package to receive an upgrade.
With this offer, GOtv Lite and Value customers that upgrade to JINJA get a further upgrade to the JOLLI package, while GOtv Plus customers that step up to JOLLI for only N2,400, get the next higher package, GOtv Max worth N3,200.
“We’ve expanded the “Step Up” offer to give more customers on lower packages the opportunity to enjoy the varied and quality programming on higher packages especially on GOtv Max. We are essentially offering a discount to our customers as they get to enjoy more than what they paid for”, said Martin Mabutho, Chief Customer Officer, MultiChoice Nigeria.
Customers who get the GOtv Max deal will get to enjoy an array of quality international and local programming such as:
The biggest Spanish and Italian football from the La Liga and Serie A on SuperSport Select 4 and SuperSport Select 5.
The best of contemporary and Hollywood blockbusters on M-Net Movies Zone (ch 3) and TNT Africa (ch. 16). Customers can catch double feature stunt “A Laughing Matter” every Sunday in March on TNT which includes titles such as Adam Sandler’s Grown Ups 2, Wedding Daze and Breakin’ All The Rules with Jamie Foxx.
Hot series, telenovelas and reality TV programming on BET (ch. 21), StarLife (ch. 23) and Discovery ID (ch. 52). Catch the second season of Boomerang Thursday, 19 March on BET.
Step Up to the MAX deal this March and keep the kids entertained on Cartoon Network (ch. 67) with the launch of Dragon Ball Super Monday, 16 March.
With the recently concluded DStv’s February Pay and get Upgraded Step-Up offer, DStv customers need not fret because the deals keep coming! From Monday 1 March 2020, active Access, Family, Compact, and Compact Plus, customers who upgrade to a higher package will be bumped up to an even higher package at no extra cost.
“In line with our mission to add value and enrich the lives of our customers, and with the positive response we received from the initial Step-Up deal, we wanted to up the stakes with a greater offer” says MultiChoice Nigeria, Chief Customer Officer, Martin Mabutho. “We understand that now that viewers have experienced the quality entertainment that sits on higher packages, there’s an appetite to view more of the top-class content that DStv has on its platforms”.
Active DStv customers on the Access, Family, Compact and Compact Plus bouquets need only upgrade to the package above their current package to experience what’s on offer in the package even higher to that. Compact Plus customers will continue to have access to content on the Premium package during the offer period.
This March there is something for everyone on DStv.Upgraded customers will be able to enjoy world-class sporting action together with original local content, international movies, series, telenovelas, music shows, news and kids’ entertainment on the Step Up and Boost offer.
Compact Customers who upgrade to Compact Plus will be boosted to Premium, where they can experience a dynamic world of high-end entertainment. Don’t miss out on M-Net’s (DStv Channel 101) new thriller The Prodigal Son on Wednesdays at 8:00 pm which follows Malcolm Bright, a former FBI profiler and, the son of a serial killer who suspects that he himself might become a sociopath. Look out for Liam Neeson in the high-impact action thriller, Cold Pursuit on also M-Net. For family-friendly fun, watch the classic Toy Story trilogy on Comedy Central (DStv Channel 122) on Fridays at 7:00 pm from Friday 13 March. An incredible UFC 248 match between Adesanya V Romer. Catch Africa Magic’s Unbroken romantic drama which family rivalry and suspense every day but Sunday at 8:00 pm on Africa Magic Showcase channels 151.
From Saturday 28 March, classic car lovers who upgrade from the Family package to Compact will have access to Compact Plus and will be able to catch Salvage Hunters: Classic Cars on Discovery (DStv Channel 121) at 7:00 pm. The documentary series will take viewers on a search for iconic cars that are restored and sold for high profit. True-Crime fans can catch the seventh season premiere of the CBS Justice (DStv Channel 170)show, Murder Made Me Famous from Tuesday 24 March at 7:00 pm. The series recounts true-life crimes that became headline-making news. The cases covered in season 7 include Pablo Escobar, The Boston Strangler and The Nurse Killer. FA Cup is back with Chelsea Vs Liverpool on the 3rd Mar @ 8:45 pm Ch 223 and Derby County Vs Man United 5th Mar @ 8:45pm Ch 223
Access customers who upgrade to Family can sample the wide range of local content, movies and sports on DStv Compact. The popular comedy-crime series, Carter returns to Universal TV (DStv Channel 117) on Friday 20 March at 7:00 pm. Jerry O’Connell stars as actor-turned-detective Harley Carter as season two of the hit comedy-drama gets underway this month, opening with Harley’s first solo case as a PI. The world’s biggest motoring show, Top Gear, screeches back on BBC Brit (DStv Channel 120) with a brand-new season on Thursday 5 March at 7:00 pm. Fresh from the success of their first season together, Top Gear’s new line up of presenters –Freddie Flintoff, Paddy McGuinness, and Chris Harris – get up to even more mischief as they travel the globe in pursuit of motoring mayhem.
For more information on this limited offer and the great content you can watch, as well as other products and services, visit www.dstvafrica.com. To manage your account, download the MyDStv App. To enjoy all the extra entertainment on the move, download the DStv Now App which allows you to watch from wherever you are.
The United Bank for Africa (UBA) last Friday, officially added a new touch point to its network. UBA operates in 20 African countries and in the United Kingdom, the USA and France.
The new branch in Afriland towers on the Lagos Island was commissioned by the Executive Governor of Lagos state, his Excellency Mr Babajide Sanwo-Olu and the Chairman of UBA, Mr Tony O. Elumelu.
The Governor who congratulated the UBA management and Afriland for the beautiful edifice said the bank has remained a principal stakeholder in the development of Lagos, constantly creating jobs and opportunities for Nigerians.
The Chairman, UBA Group, Mr. Tony Elumelu, who received the Governor as well as the Oba of Lagos, Oba Rilwan Akiolu expressed gratitude to every other guest who took time off their busy schedules to grace the event.
He explained that the project to build the new business office in Afriland towers was borne out of the need to solidify past successes recorded by the bank, as well as create new vistas for the growth of businesses. He explained that Afriland properties, developers of Afriland Towers is set to develop new projects aimed at catapulting Lagos into the state of excellence.
He said: “It is interesting to note that Afriland has been developing some iconic properties, and today is a wonderful and joyous moment to see that this building which has a lot of rich history, is back to life. We call it the rebirth, and we appreciate all the planning that has gone into the creation of this beautiful and clean world-class masterpiece’. Elumelu hinted at plans of Afriland to develop more iconic properties in the near future, adding that given its expertise and its pedigree, the people of Lagos were in for a huge surprise.
Elumelu said: “Indeed, this is just a tip of what we want to do at Falamo in Ikoyi. We are going to develop a world-class integrated complex at Falomo, and everyone will be pleased at the outcome.
On his part, the Lagos State Governor, congratulated UBA and Afriland on the major feat of developing a beautiful edifice such as Afriland, adding that Tony Elumelu is known for coming up with great ideas that boost employment opportunities for Nigerians.
He said: “This is a historic event today and it is a great honour to be here to see the kind of possibilities that can be achieved when you set your mind to it, and what you can turn an un-earning asset into. It is very interesting to note that that this house, formerly called the Raymond House has a rich history, and this is quite nostalgic for me because like some of you may know, I used to work with UBA and this place was the head office where everyone wanted to be because everything happened here. Im happy to know that it has such a rich history dating back to over a century ago.
Continuing Sanwo-Olu said, “I want to commend you and I am happy that Afriland has turned this into a very beautiful and modern 21st Century building with a high level of detail, and beautiful structure. Infact, I call it a work-life like environment – this is what it should be, coming to an environment that caters for you in all areas and for your healthy living.”
While stating that the building was bringing back the old glory of Lagos, the governor added that it will put plans in motion to use the Afriland template to develop some of its old buildings.
“We plan to rebuild some of our old structures in Lagos state such as the old Oluwole market, the children’s hospital at Martins street, among others. We will also be building a cable car project into Lagos Island and all the buildings that have gone down will be rebuilt to meet up with international standards that Afriland has shown us here today,” Sanwo Olu added.
The Oba of Lagos, who congratulated UBA for continuing to contribute positively to the economy as a financial institution that cares about the communities in which it operates.
The Managing Director, Afriland Properties, Uzo Oshogwe, gave a brief history of Afriland Towers, noting the former Raymond House was built in 1886. She added that the rebirth of the Towers showed that the company believed in the potential that could be achieved at the edifice.
The new ultra-modern Afriland Tower Business Office is equipped with state – of – the art facilities, designed to ease banking transactions for its visitors. Facilities provided in the new office include ATM galleries amongst others.
The Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) has uncovered a criminal syndicate of bankers who specialise in forging signatures of deceased bank customers and stealing from their accounts.
In a statement on Monday, the anti-graft agency disclosed that the suspects were arrested by operatives attached to its zonal office in Uyo, the Akwa Ibom State capital.
According to it, the suspects also execute fraudulent financial transactions, including unauthorised debits of depositors’ funds.
They are Mbong Essien, Akwa Ephraim Akwa, Precious John, Kenneth Udoetuk, and Ubong Udom
The EFCC said the suspects were arraigned on Monday before Justice Archibong Archibong of the Akwa Ibom State High Court sitting in Uyo.
They were charged with 23 counts bordering on conspiracy, forgery, obtaining by false pretence and criminal conversion of depositors’ funds to the tune of N37.69 million.
“The management of Fidelity Bank Plc, Abak Road branch in Uyo and 72 of the bank customers had in a petition dated December 9, 2019, alerted the Commission of suspicious withdrawals from customers’ accounts, including that of a deceased customer,” the statement said.
It added, “Investigation by the EFCC revealed that Mbong used his position as the Head, Operations and Transaction Service and Delivery, established a criminal syndicate that specialised in perpetrating the fraudulent transactions and deductions.”
The EFCC said further investigations revealed that without the authorisation or knowledge of the management of the bank, the defendants managed a fictitious fixed deposit account with interest accruing to it.
Justice M.G. Umar of the Federal High Court in Benin City has fixed March 26, 2020, for the ruling on applications filed by former Peoples Democratic party (PDP) governorship candidate in Edo state, Pastor Osagie Ize-Iyamu, and four others challenging the competency of the charges raised against them by the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC).
The four other defendants in the suit include the state PDP Chairman, Chief Dan Orbih; former Deputy Governor, Mr. Lucky Imasuen; former member of the Federal House of Representatives, Tony Azegbemi and Efe Anthony.
Recall that the anti-graft agency in Suit No. FHC/BE21C/ 2016 had filed an eight count charge against the accused persons bordering on alleged illegal receipt of public funds to the tune of N700 million for the purpose of the 2015 general election, contrary to the provisions of the EFCC Act and the Money Laundering (Prohibition) Act.
The EFCC further accused the defendants of conspiring among themselves to commit the offence in March, 2015, alleging that they took possession and control of the funds without any contract award.
On resumption of hearing on Monday, March 2, 2020, counsels to the five defendants, Ferdinand Orbih SAN, Kingsley Obamogie Esq, Pascal Ugbome Esq, Prof. O.G Izevbuwa Esq and Ikhide Ehighalua Esq, after adopting their written addresses urged the court to strike out the charges against the defendants on the grounds that they were incompetent.
They argued further that the prosecutor’s reply to their addresses was in gross violation of the Legal Practitioners Act, Rule 10 (1), (2) (3) of the Rules for Professional conduct of legal practitioners, and averred that the court lacks jurisdiction to entertain the case because the petitioner’s reply was filed out of time.
Ferdinand Orbih contended that EFCC should have amended their charges against the defendants by removing Late Chief Tony Anenih’s name from the charges rather than saying the late politician was irrelevant to the substance of the case.
But counsel to the petitioner, Larry Aso Esq, while adopting his written address, urged the court to uphold his argument, maintaining that Chief Anenih was never charged by the EFCC.
He urged the court to dismiss the defendants’ applications, saying that they cannot raise objection to the charges now as they have not taken their pleas, hence he described the defendants’ applications as grossly incompetent.
Aso averred that the court should not have listened to the argument of the defendants as the court can only have jurisdiction over the defendants after they have taken their pleas.
He argued that contrary to the submissions of the defendants, the petitioner’s reply to the applications of the defendants was signed by Austin Ozigbo Esq., whose stamp and seal appeared on the reply.